This worldly renowned artist, was born in the late sixteenth century at a time where women had very little clout when it came to expressing themselves through art. Biography of FONTANA, Lavinia (b. Lavinia Fontana (August 24, 1552 – August 11, 1614) was an Italian painter. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Like Artemisia Gentileschi, Lavinia Fontana (Bologna, 1552 – Roma, 1614) is the daughter of an artist, Prospero Fontana, who had a good reputation as a mannerist painter and a solid workshop in Bologna, before the advent of the Carracci. Lavinia Fontana était une femme peintre, originaire de Bologne, qui a connu un grand succès de son vivant. 4 pages. In this same period, Fontana completed "The Dead Christ with Symbols of the Passion" and "The Holy Family," the latter an undated piece that creates an adult triad of the Virgin Mary and Elizabeth comparing the virtues of their toddler sons Jesus and John the Baptist, while the third figure, a colorless Joseph, looks on in the background. She was the first Bolognese female to earn renown throughout Italy. 1552, Bologna, d. 1614, Roma) in the Web Gallery of Art, a searchable image collection and database of European painting, sculpture and architecture (200-1900) Lavinia was trained by her father and followed his Mannerist style. At her father's studio Fontana met painter Giano Paolo Zappi and married him when she was twenty-five. Lavinia Fontana, (born 1552, Bologna [Italy]—died August 11, 1614, Rome), Italian painter of the Mannerist school and one of the most important portraitists in Bologna during the late 16th century. Encyclopedia of World Biography on Lavinia Fontana A producer of over 135 sophisticated oil paintings, Lavinia Fontana (1552- 1614) was one of the first female portraitists to seek commissions. Lavinia Fontana (August 24, 1552 – August 11, 1614) was an Italian painter. She was one of the first women to execute large, publicly commissioned figure paintings. Lavinia Fontana (1552 - 1614) was active/lived in Italy. Biography. Fontana excelled at the depiction of the female form, either alone or in groups, as exemplified in "Portrait of the Gozzadini Family" (1584), a psychologically complex grouping. She was the main breadwinner of a family of 13. In 1604 she painted her largest work, the Martyrdom of St. Stephen, an altarpiece for San Paolo Fuori le Mura in Rome, a basilica that was destroyed in the fire of 1823. Her earliest known work, "Monkey Child", was painted in 1575 at the age of 23. She was the daughter of Prospero Fontana (1512-1579), a prestigious Bolognese painter with whom she trained and worked. Lavinia Fontana was born in Bologna, the daughter of the painter Prospero Fontana, who was a prominent painter of the School of Bologna at the time and served as her teacher. She is best known for her successful portraiture, but also worked in the genres of mythology and religious painting. She went to school at Mannerist School. Lavinia Fontana (August 24, 1552 – August 11, 1614) was an Italian painter. Lavinia Fontana is known for Portrait painting, mannerism. Other articles where Martyrdom of St. Stephen is discussed: Lavinia Fontana: …painted her largest work, the Martyrdom of St. Stephen, an altarpiece for San Paolo Fuori le Mura in Rome, a basilica that was destroyed in the fire of 1823. Of her 135 works—the largest corpus of artwork by any woman from the Renaissance or before—only 32 are signed and dated. Lavinia Fontana August 24, 1552 – August 11, 1614 was a Bolognese Mannerist painter best requested for her portraiture. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Lavinia-Fontana, Virtual Uffizi Gallery - Biography of Lavinia Fontana, Lavinia Fontana - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). The Lavinia Fontana Study Pack contains: Biographies (1) Lavinia Fontana 1,031 words, approx. Art critics surmise that Zappi also painted some of the drapery and background in Fontana's paintings. Despite the many common aspects, the two women lived very different stories. The city’s prosperous economic and social situation account for the prominent role of women in its cultural, religious, social and artistic life. Born in Bologna in 1552, Lavinia Fontana was the daughter of cosmopolitan fresco artist and teacher Prospero Fontana, who established his reputation in Rome and joined Giorgio Vasari in adorning Florence's Palazzo Vecchio. Corrections? Continuing the family business was typical at the time. Take for instance Lavinia Fontana. The Art Newspaper is the journal of record for the visual arts world, covering international news and events. Lavinia Fontana est l'unique enfant de Prospero Fontana et d'Antonia de' Bonardis. Lavinia Fontana, Self-Portrait with the Spinet Accompanied by a Handmaiden (1577). She is regarded as the first woman artist, working within the same sphere as her male counterparts, outside a court or convent. She is considered the first woman to carry out large private and public commissions. 24 sept. 2020 - Explorez le tableau « Lavinia FONTANA ( 1552 - 1614 ) » de CLODROCK, auquel 150 utilisateurs de Pinterest sont abonnés. She was the daughter of Prospero Fontana (1512 – 1597), an accomplished and well traveled artist of the Bolognese School. She surrounded this musical group with a variety of instruments: cittern, cornetto, harp, hurdy-gurdy, recorder, viol, and viola da braccio. Lavinia Fontana (August 24, 1552 – August 11, 1614) was a Bolognese Mannerist painter best known for her portraiture. They formed a working partnership that supported her career, allowing her to accept a growing number of commissions for baroque portraits, small paintings, and religious art. She was the first woman artist to paint female nudes, and possibly the first female to use live nude female models[2]. She enjoyed the patronage of the family of Pope Gregory XIII and painted the likenesses of many eminent people. She was influenced by Ludovio Carracci Biography of FONTANA, Lavinia (b. 1 Biography; Study Pack. An Italian painter regarded as the first woman artist, Lavinia Fontana was also the first woman to paint female nudes.A daughter of the prominent artist Prospero Fontana, she made great strides in the field of portraiture, becoming famous within and beyond Italy.She was also commissioned to paint religious and mythological themes, which sometimes included nudes. She also received an academic education. Lavinia Fontana, connue aussi sous le nom de Lavinia Zappi (Bologne, 24 août 1552 - Rome, 11 août 1614) est une peintre italienne maniériste de l'école romaine au succès incontesté. This extensively illustrated book is the first comprehensive study of Fontana in the English language. Characteristic of Fontana's images is the incorporation of textured and embroidered fabrics and rich gold jewelry set with pearls and rubies. Accademia Nazionale di San Luca, Rome 2. "Lavinia Fontana," http://www.nmwa.org/legacy/bios/bfontana.htm (January 15, 2002). Lavinia Fontana was an Italian Artist. Son père est peintre de la contre-réforme très en vogue auprès des papes. At Clement's request, she executed her most famous public work, a 20-foot altarpiece titled "The Stoning of St. Stephen Martyr," which pictures the pathos of the first Christian to die for the faith. Therein she is elegantly dressed in lace and jewels and studying archeological finds on shelves and a table, likely as preparation for sketching them. The attention to detail in her portraits is reminiscent of the work of another northern Italian Renaissance painter, Sofonisba Anguissola. She is regarded as the first woman artist, working within the same sphere as her male counterparts, outside a court or convent. This extensively illustrated book is the first comprehensive study of Fontana in the English language. She is considered the first woman to carry out large private and public commissions. Features of Lavinia Fontana's art. She was the main breadwinner of a family of 13. Desiring a work to grace the grand Escorial Palace in Madrid, Philip II of Spain commissioned Fontana to paint an altarpiece, "The Holy Family with the Sleeping Christ Child.". Artprice.com's price levels for this artist are based on 90 auction results. Unlike most female artists of the period, Lavinia received encouragement at home, where her father taught her to paint. By the time she reached her thirties, Fontana was respected as a painter of devotional art. Lavinia Fontana, (born 1552, Bologna [Italy]—died August 11, 1614, Rome), Italian painter of the Mannerist school and one of the most important portraitists in Bologna during the late 16th century. Biography of Lavinia Fontana . The Women's Chronology, edited by James Trager, Holt, 1995. Lavinia Fontana was irreproachable as a daughter and a wife and, although constantly overworked, she was also able to give birth to eleven children. He was willing to subordinate his career to her own; he also became her agent. At the request of the Vizzani Chapel at the church of Santa Maria della Morte in Bologne, in 1590 Fontana painted "St. Francis of Paola Blessing a Child," now displayed in the city's Pinacoteca Nazionale. Voir plus d'idées sur … By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. A producer of over 135 sophisticated oil paintings, Lavinia Fontana (1552-1614) was one of the first female portraitists to seek commissions. She was the first woman artist to paint female nudes, and possibly the first female to use live nude female models.She was the main breadwinner of a family of 13. LAVINIA FONTANA’S CLEOPATRA THE ALCHEMIST 1161 conversion activities.5 These cultural events were probably noted by Fontana, especially when Pope Paul V requested that she painta two portraits: one of the Persian Ambassador residing in Rome, and the other of Lavinia Fontana (August 24, 1552 – August 11, 1614) was an Italian painter. She was the first woman artist to paint female nudes, and possibly the first female to use live nude female models[2]. Sofonisba Anguissola (1535-1625) and Lavinia Fontana (1552-1614) are two artists I didn’t know. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Meet extraordinary women who dared to bring gender equality and other issues to the forefront. Lavinia Fontana studied not only painting. US: +1 (707) 877-4321 FR: +33 977-198-888. For "Visit of the Queen of Sheba," which now hangs in Dublin's National Gallery, Fontana improvised a demanding narrative scene that depicts the unnamed queen's royal presentation to Solomon albeit in Renaissance costume and court. 1552-1614 Lavinia Fontana est née à Bologne le 24 août 1552. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Lavinia Fontana was an Italian Female Artist born on August 24, 1552. Unlike most female artists of the period, Lavinia received encouragement at home, where her father taught her to paint. She is regarded as the first female career artist in Western Europe as she relied on commissions for her income. Biographie. She is known as the first woman artist to paint female nudes. Fontana also produced many religious paintings; among her best was Noli me tangere (1581). In 1581 she completed "Jesus Appears to Mary Magdalen" in the balanced dark-against-light style of Antonio Correggio. After her marriage, Fontana sometimes signed her work with her married name. Unlike most female artists of the period, Lavinia received encouragement at home, where her father taught her to paint. Lavinia Fontana (August 24, 1552 – August 11, 1614) was an Italian painter. Lavinia Fontana se forme dans l'atelier de son père, où elle rencontre les artistes et les mécènes de la ville . She was the first woman artist to paint female nudes, and was the main breadwinner of a family of 13. As confirmed by documents published by “Lavinia Fontana and Female Life Cycle Experience in Late Sixteenth Century Bologna.” In Picturing Women in Renaissance and Baroque Italy, edited by Geraldine A. Johnson and Sara F. Matthews Grieco.