S. glanis exhibits cannibalism when food resources are scarce, or (Copp et al., 2009) in angling waters when there is variation in size among members of the species. The species sometimes enters brackish water in the Black Sea and Baltic Sea (Froese and Pauly, 2012). Il reste la plupart du temps au fond et remonte très peu à la surface. Homogenization dynamics and introduction routes of invasive freshwater fish in the Iberian Peninsula. Statut de sauvegarde à l'état sauvage : Apprends le nom des mamans et des bébés animaux. S. glanis is also used in parts of Europe for aquaculture. Maximum reported age is 80 yrs (Kottelat and Freyhof, 2007), although life span is commonly 15-30 yrs. (2010) revealed that water temperatures <17ºC marked a cessation in foraging activity and growth, which indicates thermal ecological sensitivity of S. glanis of particular relevance in northern habitats. https://wcd.coe.int/com.instranet.InstraServlet?command=com.instranet.CmdBlobGet&InstranetImage=1338217&SecMode=1&DocId=1464096&Usage=2, FAO, 2012. Festival teriaki 2015. Gullu, K., Guner, Y., Koru, E., TenekecIoglu, E., Sayg, H., 2008. Le silure est le plus gros poisson d'eau douce en Europe. The potential risk of hybridization with native species is likely to be limited to native Silurus species, such as the native congener S. aristotelis in Greece. Wels catfish (Silurus glanis); adult fish, captured in the Syr Darya, a river in Central Asia. Aquatic Biology, 8(2), 137-144. http://www.int-res.com/articles/ab2009/8/b008p137.pdf, Syväranta, J., Cucherousset, J., Kopp, D., Martino, A., Céréghino, R., Santoul, F., 2009. They can also use holes or burrows of clay and muddy bottom substrate of lakes and ponds and are often hidden among dense macrophyte cover. Bogut, I., Opacak, A., Stevic, I., Bogdanic, C., 1995. Establishment success in France has been restricted by cold winter temperatures of <10ºC (David, 2006). Lucrari Stiintifice - Universitatea de Stiinte Agricole si Medicina Veterinara, Seria Zootehnie, 53, 284-288. The revealed that levels of genetic diversity were much higher than previous allozyme and restriction fragment length polymorphism mitochondrial DNA analyses had shown. Fish consumption is low in central and eastern European countries in comparison to western Europe, which may be related to economic factors including income, fisheries trading and distribution (fish is more expensive than meat in most eastern European countries). Removal of wels catfish from unlicensed lakes appears to be a priority for the Environment Agency in England and Wales, although how successful these measures are in practice has yet to be ascertained. Le silure glane est un poisson de la famille des Siluridae, son nom latin est « Silurus glanis ». Preferred habitats are slow flowing lowland rivers, backwaters, shallow channels in floodplains and weed covered lakes. Aquaculture in the Third Millennium. 129. Effect of polizyme additive on the growth of catfish (Silurus glanis) fry in cage breeding. The large size suggests high potential for dispersal (Copp et al., 2009), although the limited available information on movement and migration suggests that the species demonstrates considerable site fidelity (Carol et al., 2007). S. glanis is the largest-bodied European freshwater fish. Movement to new areas is generally through introduction for aquaculture and recreational fishing, or sometimes for biological control. Silure glane Poissons / Ostariophysien . L’introduction récente et sans aucune autorisation, faut-il le rappeler, du silure glane dans l’ensemble du réseau hydrographique pour satisfaire une poignée de pêcheurs, amateurs du « catch and release », n’a donné lieu à aucune sanction, alors que ce grand prédateur n’est pas inactif dans les cours d’eau. De nombreuses introductions ont été réalisées au cours de la seconde partie du XIXe siècle dans le cadre … Mareš, J., Wognarová, S., Spurný, P., 2003. (2009) present a table of at least 55 fish species found in the natural diet of S. glanis. Acta Ichthyologica et Piscatoria, 26(1), 93-101. The male guards the eggs for the next 2-10 days (time dependent on water temperature) and makes sure the eggs are well ventilated by repeatedly fanning his tail fin, until they hatch out (Copp et al., 2009). S. glanis is cited as present in some rivers in the UK, e.g. Journal of Applied Icthyology, 1:27-31, Jamróz, M., Kucharczyk, D., Kujawa, R., Mamcarz, A., 2008. S. glanis has fewer alleles than S. aristotelis and S. triostegus but similar observed and expected heterozygosities (Krieg et al., 1999). Le silure glane (Silurus glanis) est une espèce de poissons d'eau douce du genre Silurus, originaire du Paléarctique occidental. Habitat principal. Introductions to rivers in Spain have resulted in abundant populations in four river basins, where catfish can reach large sizes > 1 m (Carol et al., 2009). Zhivotnov'dni Nauki, 37(5/6), 14-18. Larvae and juveniles are benthic feeders of invertebrate zooplankton such as Rotatoria, Copepoda and Cladocera. Le silure glane est un poisson géant qui fait régner la terreur dans les rivières. S. glanis is a robust species regarding transference outside its native range, and exhibits tolerance to low oxygen levels in water. (2002), S. glanis has been farmed historically in Austria, Bulgaria, Croatia, Germany, France, Hungary, Greece, Macedonia, Poland, the Czech Republic and Romania. Risk identification and assessment of non-native freshwater fishes: concepts and perspectives on protocols for the UK. Výzkumný Ústav Rybárský a Hydrobiologický Vodnany, 29:3-9. UK: Environment Agency, 30 pp. 2010). Prokeš, M., Baruš, V., Penáz, M., Hamácková, J., Kouril, J., 1999. S. glanis is listed as Least Concern (LC) in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (http://www.iucnredlist.org/). Journal of Fish Biology, 71:101-114, Syväranta, J., Cucherousset, J., Kopp, D., Crivelli, A., Céréghino, R., Santoul, F., 2009. Triantafyllidis et al. Le silure est originaire d’Europe centrale. Copp G H, Britton J R, Cucherousset J, García-Berthou E, Kirk R, Peeler E, Stakėnas S, 2009. The eggs are large, about 1-3 mm in diameter (Copp et al., 2009). PLoS ONE, 7(12), e50840. The species was later introduced to Spain in the twentieth century and reintroduced to Belgium, Netherlands and France. 1 à 2 m de long, parfois plus, pour un poids de plus de 120 kg. Is European catfish (Siluris glanis) really becoming abundant in the River Thames? Zivocisna Vyroba, 42:27-32. Bulgarian Journal of Agricultural Science, 4(6), 841-846. The ecological trophic effect of S. glanis is unclear; some authors consider that the species can decimate tench (Tinca tinca) populations while others are of the view that as they are to some extent scavengers, their predatory impact may be benign rather than intense (Copp et al., 2009). Native populations extend from Germany to Eastern Europe including Poland and southern Sweden, and also from northern Iran and southern Turkey to the Baltic states and Russia, and to the Aral sea of Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan (Copp et al., 2009). Females deposit eggs at 30,000 per kg of body weight. Evaluation of selected feeds differing in dietary lipids levels in feeding juveniles of wels catfish, Silurus glanis L. Acta Ichthyologica et Piscatoria, 38(2), 91-96. doi: 10.3750/AIP2008.38.2.02, Muscalu, R., Muscalu, C., Nagy, M., Bura, M., Szelei, Z. T., 2010. Copp et al. Son habitat naturel est l'Amérique du Nord. In their native range, catfish are under threat from anthropogenic changes including river modifications resulting in the loss of shallow spawning sites (Hamackova et al., 1997; Copp et al., 2005; Copp et al., 2007). PLoS ONE, 6(10), e25732. La croissance du silure est maximale au-dessus de 25 degrés. > 10°C, Cold average temp. (2003) reported that more than 50% of successful invasive fish species introduced into the UK exhibit parental care, where fish actively protect and guard their eggs or larvae and defend territories. Upstream spring migration in April for spawning requires temperatures of 8-10ºC and initiation of spawning occurs at 18-22ºC. Assessing the effects of climate change on aquatic invasive species. Pond culture of fish in Romania. Status Review Report of 5 Species of Foreign Sturgeon. Reviewers' names are available on request. Age at maturity is 3-4 yrs. Rapid evolution of reproductive isolation in the wild: evidence from introduced salmon. 2013, http://www.fao.org/figis/servlet/static?dom=collection&xml=dias.xml, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Another reason for introductions is as a biocontrol agent for controlling cyprinid fish. Le silure glane. The introduction of S. glanis in angling clubs is likely to increase revenue to local communities and generate business. It is also established in Italy, Syria, Portugal, Croatia, Turkey, the UK, France, the Netherlands and China, although ecological impact here is unknown. Les silures font partie d'une famille de poissons d'eau douce de la famille des Siluridaes. Information regarding the wels catfish nuclear and mitochondrial genomes is sparse. Source : Zapping Sauvage. River Ebro, Spain. > 0°C, wet all year, Cs - Warm temperate climate with dry summer, Warm average temp. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Science (Washington), 294(5547):1655-1656, Paschos, I., Nathanailides, C., Perdikaris, C., Tsoumani, M., 2004. Overall, the tipping point temperature indicator for growth among cultured S. glanis appeared to be >20ºC and at these temperatures fish can gain ~ 4kg within 2yrs, in contrast to depressed growth at lower temperatures (Gullu et al. Archives of Polish Fisheries, 11:141-147, David JA, 2006. Archiwum Rybactwa Polskiego, 11: 295-300, Valadou B, 2007. Risk of establishment increases in warmer climates such as the Mediterranean as rapid growth and breeding are enhanced by warmer temperatures of 25-28ºC in contrast to likelihood of more sporadic establishment in Northern climates. pond cultivation. 2001). Il apprécie les eaux chaudes pour se reproduire. S. glanis is a warm water predatory fish with fast growth rate (Cirkovic, 2012); cultured fish can attain a mean length increment of >15cm TL within 4 months at optimum temperatures >26ºC (Hilge, 1989). Species and size selectivity of European cat-fish (Silurus glanis) to natural food when reared in aquarium to one month of age. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report. Perfectionniste psychologie. Il est originaire d'Europe centrale (Danube, Dniepr et Volga). In the UK, the government has developed an environmental risk strategy including risk identification, risk assessment, risk management and risk review and reporting. Genetic structure and phylogeography of European catfish (Silurus glanis) populations. Gozlan et al. © Copyright 2021 CAB International. Aquaculture: a biotechnology in progress: volume 1. International Conference: Aquaculture Europe, Amsterdam, Netherlands, 2-5 Jun 1987. Investigating the catch returns and growth rate of Wels catfish (Siluris glanis), using mark-recapture. Ecology of Freshwater Fish, 16:450-456, Cirkovic, M., Ljubojevic, D., Ðordevic, V., Novakov, N., Petronijevic, R., Matekalo-Sverak, V., Trbovic, D., 2012. 2009). Zoologische Bijdragen, 17:48-62, Bogut, I., Has-Schön, E., Cacic, M., Milakovic, Z., Novoselic, D., Brkic, S., 2002. 2009; Copp et al. However, Martino et al. S. glanis is the largest-bodied European freshwater fish. Migration to European rivers including the Danube, Dnieper and Volga was via the Caspian, Black and Aral seas. Le silure glane est un poisson typique de l’Europe centrale. Spawning is nocturnal. Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 23:654-660, Carol J, Zamora L, García-Berthou E, 2007. However, consideration must be given to the economic costs that are likely to arise from management control policies with the removal of S. glanis from unlicensed waters; monitoring, removal costs and challenges in recapturing demersal species. Néanmoins, un courant plus soutenu ne le Silure glane — Wikipédi . > 10°C, Cold average temp. The wels catfish S. glanis is part of the family Siluridae, a group of freshwater fish native to Europe, Asia and Africa. (Le silure glane n'est pas un monster.) Bokor, Z., Urbányi, B., Horváth, L., Müller, T., Horváth, A., 2012. Le Silure glane n'est pas une espèce protégée, au contraire, il est considéré comme un parasite, vous n'avez donc pas besoin d'un permis pour le pêcher. Polish Journal of Natural Sciences, 23(4), 850-857. http://versita.com/science/agriculture/pjns/ doi: 10.2478/v10020-008-0008-0, Kim LeeOh, Lee SangMin, 2005. It was introduced for angling and aquaculture in Spain, Italy and France. However, there are reports of breeding in some lakes in southern England at present temperatures (Copp et al., 2009). Although the genetic structure and phylogeography have been studied in its native range, there is little information known about the genetic characteristics of S. glanis in its introduced range (Copp et al., 2009). Son système auditif est très perfectionné, lui permettant d'entendre la moindre vibration. Voracious invader or benign feline? Previous studies of cultured S. glanis in central and eastern Europe indicated that this species is capable of rapid growth in warm waters >20ºC (Linhart et al. Les observations des contenus stomacaux réalisés par les … … C'est le plus grand poisson d'eau douce d'Eurasie et le troisième plus grand au monde, pouvant atteindre plus de 2,7 m de longueur et 130 kg [1], [2]. In: Subasinghe, R. P., Bueno, P. B., Phillips, M. J., Hough, C., McGladdery, S. E., Arthur, J. R., eds. Wels catfish can be distinguished from other European catfish by the 6 long barbels under the lower jaw, the scaleless mucous-coated elongated body and the very small dorsal fin (Britton et al., 2010). Concerns about accidental unregulated spread (flooding enabling spread from angling waters to watercourses and rivers) and intentional unregulated releases (for angling) imply that S. glanis introductions need to be investigated, particularly as angling and dispersal are cited as the main introduction routes for introduced fish in the UK ( Copp et al. Data source for updated system data added to species habitat list. (2011) reported that in the Camargue in Southern France, S. glanis consumption was not a threat to eel distribution, as their diet was mainly omnivorous. There is a risk that wels catfish may impact on native fauna for a number of reasons. Le silure occupe les eaux calmes profondes et turbides des cours d’eau et plans d’eau de plaine. Public Domain - Released by Yuriy75/via wikipedia - CC0. Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 18(1), 1-6. doi: 10.1046/j.1439-0426.2002.00304.x. Identification of non-native freshwater fishes established in Europe and assessment of their potential threats to the biological diversity. Elvira B, 2001. Isolation of microsatellite loci in European catfish, Silurus glanis. Native to eastern Europe and western Asia it is now established in several countries to the west and south of its native range. A review of the environmental biology of European catfish Silurus glanis in its native and introduced ranges. Development of technological regimes of European catfish (Silurus glanis L.) growing in the ponds of Belarus. 2009; Syväranta et al. Consent is usually not granted for open waters, although enclosed waters are permitted (Britton and Pegg, 2007; Copp et al., 2009). Le silure glane est un prédateur redoutable, SILURES ET POISSONS-CHATS, DES POISSONS PAS COMME LES AUTRES, NOUVEL ARTICLE SUR LE SILURE ET LES POISSONS-CHATS, Poster des avis sur vos sorties animaux favorites. Following introduction outside its native range, the wels catfish has become established in Bosnia-Herzegovina, Spain, Denmark and Tunisia with some ecological effects. Habitat use follows a daily pattern, and incorporates territorial behaviour. On compte aujourd'hui seize espèces identifiées de silures, dont la plus connue est le silure glane. Following spawning, S. glanis exhibits a guarders and nesters reproductive strategy with the male protecting the cluster of eggs laid by the female in his nest excavated amongst the substratum and made from plant material. http://www.fishbase.org. Its greater production in Bulgaria has been suggested (Hadjinikolova et al., 2010). Biological Conservation, 72:311-319, Cucherousset, J., Boulêtreau, S., Azémar, F., Compin, A., Guillaume, M., Santoul, F., 2012. Physiology & Behavior, 58(4):641-645, Boulêtreau, S., Cucherousset, J., Villéger, S., Masson, R., Santoul, F., 2011. Ethologie du silure Un silure glane. L'alimentation est quasi … The species is popular with anglers, and a minority of anglers are in favour of releasing it into to rivers, while others are content that it remains in licensed lakes. Habitat(s) lié(s) au taxon Silurus glanis (Silure glane) En poursuivant votre navigation sur ce site, vous acceptez l’utilisation de cookies pour vous proposer des contenus et services adaptés et réaliser des statistiques de visites. The feeding selectivity of wels (Silurus glanis L.) in Lake Goreckie. Aquacultura Hungarica, 4: 135-144. On the sheat fish of the Netherlands, Silurus glanis Linnaeus. Dietary breadth and trophic position of introduced European catfish Silurus glanis in the River Tarn (Garonne River basin), southwest France. The skin can be used in glue and leather manufacture. Fisheries and Aquaculture Department. Molecular Ecology, 11:1039-1055. Après avoir fécondé la femelle, le mâle reste deux jours avec elle … Longue nageoire anale qui s'étend sur plus de la moitié de son corps. Introduction of S. glanis for aquaculture and enhancement of sport angling is common. Froese R, Pauly D, 2012. Espèces ressemblantes . S. glanis cultivation has played a minor role in cyprinid pond farming. Their eyes are small and they rely on their barbels and olfactory cavities to sense their prey and environment rather than vision. 2009Bevacqua et al. C’est un poisson carnassier opportuniste qui se nourrit de poissons, d’écrevisses, de mollusques, d’insectes et plus rarement d’oiseaux aquatiques, de grenouilles ou encore de rongeurs. They can be identified by 6 barbels, 2 long ones on each side of the mouth and 4 shorter ones from the lower jaw. Bulgarian Journal of Agricultural Science, 16(3), 398-405. http://agrojournal.org, Hamackova J, Szlaminska M, Kouril M, Vachta J, Stibranyiova I, 1997. Dediu, L., Docan, A., Cristea, V., Grecu, I., 2010. Testing the Alms Welsfutter diet on sheath fish (Silurus glanis) culture in silos. Biological Invasions, 12(1), 125-131. http://www.springerlink.com/content/l743q272m5266518/?p=b8eb71c07ab345d1a474d1e523242c58&pi=11 doi: 10.1007/s10530-009-9436-1, Carol J, Benejam L, Benito J, Garcia-Berthou E, 2009. A “do nothing” approach is advocated in low risk situations, whereas removal or containment are considered options in higher risk situations. 2009; Copp et al. To protect species or infer their invasiveness potential, it is necessary to understand the origin, genetic diversity and migration patterns. In: De Pauw, N., Jaspers, E., Ackefors, H., Wilkins, N, eds. (2009) say that it is most common in the River Ebro, Spain, in the 130 km between its point of introduction in 1974 and the Ebro delta, and suggest that natural dispersal is likely to be slow and density dependent. 1998; Zaykov and Hubenova-Siderova, 1998; Prokés et al., 1999; Grozev et al., 2000; Bogut et al., 2002; Paschos et al., 2004; Kim et al., 2005; Dediu et al., 2010; Alp et al., 2011; Jamróz et al., 2008; Muscalu et al., 2010), and on food conversion of cultured S. glanis (particularly using meal pellets), e.g. Journal of Biological Research, 15:25-35. http://www.jbr.gr/papers20111/03-Vittas-et-al.pdf, Wisniewolski W, 1989. Aquatic Invasions, 2:113-116, Copp GH, Vilizzi L, Gozlan RE, 2010. S'il avait un temps quasiment disparu des rivières françaises, il a depuis été réintroduit et est notamment élevé pour la pêche, non sans controverse car son caractère vorace peut le rendre nuisible pour les autres espèces. In contrast, O. mykiss total production was 300,000 tonnes in 2005, and the figure had risen to 700,000 tonnes in 2010 and was likely to increase (FAO, 2012; Linhart et al.